Essential Digital Skills Level 1

111 videos, 7 hours and 55 minutes

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Video 99 of 111
5 min 11 sec
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Cookies are files created on your computer by websites. Now what they do is they make your viewing experience much, much better. There are different types of cookies, there are the first-party cookies which are around for making that work better, your website working better, it could be things like saving passwords, or it could be pre-filling in forms keeping you logged in for a certain amount of time. There are also third party cookies and these would be cookies that are set up by the website to run other programs. So it may well be that there is a feature on a website that you need to view and that will be a third party, it might be advertising coming up on the screen as well. Now with cookies, they are essential to do some of the jobs and others can be optional. So when you are looking at a website, generally speaking, you do not need to worry, you will often see messages pop up that say, will you accept all cookies? So when you are switching over to one of our sites for first aid equipment. So, on the screen here, you see at the very bottom, as soon as you turn it on the black bar at the bottom here has come up.

Now, other websites will look similar to the same type of thing or they will be a completely different type of box that pops up. But this is the particular one on this site. So you can either accept all the cookies. Now with this site, we need to know where you have been. So it does remember some key information as you have been navigating the website. Also when you are logging in and things like that, so some of them are essential. In other words, this website will not function fully, unless you agree to them and others will be optional. So what you can do here is that Learn More tells you more information about the cookie policy of the company. And you can also hit here Manage. So when we go to the Manage, we have got the green bar at the top, which says allow all cookies. And the essential ones are not optional, you must have those you cannot turn off, which is why the switch has been greyed out. If I highlight over it, you see a little round symbol with a line through it. These are required, these cookies are needed for the essential shopping functionality. So it needs to have a cookie otherwise, the payment system and the shopping cart just will not work. So we cannot turn those off. So if you want to work with the site, there's no choice. There's also the next section, which are functional cookies. And the functional cookies are used to help your shopping experience.

They allow useful functions like seeing your recently viewed items and also allowing you to see them quickly again. So if you see on websites, where it says recently viewed items, that information is held on cookies, these little mini information stores. Tracking cookies are used to collect information about your visit to the shop, they also help identify popular products. So when you have tracking cookies, companies can use these to see what products people are looking at or they can look at your activities on the website. So you can turn some of these off. So if I wanted to, for example, in this site, turn off tracking cookies, but I need to leave the functional ones on because ultimately I want to buy something from here, I will then click the Save Preferences rather than the Allow All Cookies and if I hit that, I'm now on the website. And that message then won't pop up. And the reason that message won't pop up is that the website because of the cookies knows that you have already approved it so there's not going to be a problem there. This website will then function absolutely correctly and you can do what you need to. Now if you want to then change those settings on your browsers later on or clear them if you hit the dots at the top and then you go down to settings. And this is for Google Chrome, other browsers will have similar types of settings.

And over the left-hand side, you have got privacy and settings, what you can do is you can clear these cookies off of your computer. So if you are every now and again, you want to just clean it up, just hit that. And you see here it's got some pre-ticked ones. So maybe you want to leave our browsing history in place, the download history of the things that we have downloaded in the past, we might want to leave that in place. But we do want to get rid of all the cookies that are on our site. So all we can do is leave that tick than in and then we hit Clear the data. And then they have now gone. So that's now reset the system so that the cookies have now gone from the websites on that one. So that's basically how to clear cookies and how to manage them. You do not need to worry too much about them, with day to day using of websites. But cookies are there to help the function websites correctly. But they also can be there to collect information about you, but not necessarily your personal data. But your history of how you are interacting with that website, which is useful for the companies, which is why they do it. But you can usually on all websites, select them. Now if you find a website that you cannot adjust any of the cookies on and they do not have a cookies policy or privacy policy on the website, then maybe that's something that you might need to steer away from that site. If they are putting these on, they are not giving you any options.

Learning Outcomes:
  • EDSQ Unit 5 LO 13.3